The abstract is a very ancient form of art, although over time it has undergone several evolutions and changes to the present day where it has become a true and recognized form of communication.
Wassily Kandinsky, a Russian painter born on December 4, 1866, with an artistic production from 1896 to 1944, starting with expressionism from the beginning of the 1910s, turning to a totally abstract painting.
It’s just Wassily Kandinsky who says in autobiography:
“At that time there are two events that have impressed a brand throughout my life. The first was the exhibition of French Impressionist painters in Moscow, and in particular Claude Monet’s “Covoni”. The second was the representation of Wagner’s “Lohengrin” at Bol’soj. About Monet, it has to be said that before then I knew only realistic painting, and almost exclusively Russian […].
And here, suddenly, I saw a picture for the first time. It seemed to me that without the catalog in hand it would have been impossible to understand what the painting was supposed to represent. It disturbed me this: it seemed to me that no artist had the right to paint that way. At the same time I noticed with astonishment that the picture was disturbing and fascinating, staring indelibly in memory until the most detailed detail. I could not understand all this […]
But what became absolutely clear to me was the intensity of the palette. The painting showed itself to me in all its imagination and its enchantment. Deeply inside me emerged the first doubt about the importance of the object as a necessary element in the framework […]. It was in Lohengrin that I heard, through music, the ‘incarnation and supreme interpretation of this vision […].
But it became perfectly clear to me that art generally possessed a much greater power than I thought, and that painting was capable of expressing the same intensity of music. ”
The artist, in the abstract art, does not draw on real forms, does not use recognizable subjects or forms. But communicates through the hidden and veiled effect of things, it is expressed through the movement, the chromatic choice. It communicates a feeling and emotion through gesture, light, the effect of color matching.
Expressionists in this sense, are the forerunners of the abstract current. The way to use colors is innovative, other than classic canons. The observer, in an impressionist canvas, is hit first and foremost by color matching, brush strokes, and ultimately by the portrait subject.
With the Impressionists, the subject and the objective representation passes in the background, becoming a subjective representation of the artist. The subjective expression itself falls within the canons of abstract painting. The painter cultivates the continuous and innovative search for the chromatic choices, the stroke, the composition. In the abstract work the painter goes beyond, searches for space, gesture, new dimensions, sign, sensations.